A domain name is a defining string of characters used as an address

in Domain-name

A domain name is a string of characters which defines the administrative autonomy and control of a website on the net. If you look at the technical side, these names have nothing to do with the internal working of the Internet. It’s just because the IP address (set of numbers assigned to each website) cannot be remembered and easily recalled by the users that the concept of domain name came into existence. A domain name is a mask over the IP address of a website. There is a system called DNS which maintains a table of these names and their respective IP addresses. So, when a user types in a website address to open a webpage, the request directly reaches to the DNS. This system is responsible for converting the domain names to IP addresses and IP addresses to domain names. In other words, the DNS works as a mediator between the users and the Internet. Every time this happens the zone files are consulted to understand which machine is being used. Hence, accessing websites based on their names rather than IP addresses is made possible.

Defining the syntax

The domain name has many parts. Each node holds a lot of information that is subdivided into zones. The right most label is the top level domain or TLD. The hierarchy of the name is read in descending order from right to left. The host name is one that is associated to the IP address. The name parts like .net and .com are example of TLD. Below the top level is the second level domain name located to the left of .com or .net.

FIFO method usage

The concept of first come first served is rigidly followed in assigning domain names. In the sense, if you request for the name first, you get it. You may not find the same name available after s few seconds as tons of users around the world search for domain names and register them every second.

Trademark rights usage

The central concept of trademark rights of a domain name is to prevent confusion in the marketplace. The law protects consumers against extreme confusion in order to ensure that the product name or similar products and services have unique domain names. This can be done with a valid mark. But not all valid phrases can be protected by a trademark. It depends on the trademark strength and categories. The 4 main categorizations are arbitrary, descriptive, suggestive and generic. The ACPA or anti cyber squatting protection act offers private right of action for trademark owners.

Intellectual property rights

The reference to the rights of owning one’s intellect is defined as intellectual property. Similarly copyright is the right to a creative expression while patents offer the right to an invention, new method, discovery and composition of matters. Related to this are trademark rights, trade secrets, unfair trade practices rights, passing off, false advertising and misappropriation. The laws at state and federal levels practice strict punishments for property rights which is a fancy term used for one’s own rights.

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Donald Peters has 3 articles online

There are 250 domain top level names like .com, .us. and .uk. If false contact information is given then the fictitious registration is done in “bad faith.” This can force the domain name(also called domænenavn in Denmark)holder to lose the name under the anti squatting consumer protection act. 

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A domain name is a defining string of characters used as an address

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A domain name is a defining string of characters used as an address

This article was published on 2013/06/27